THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF A:.A:.S:.R:. FOR CROATIA

THE HISTORY OF CROATIAN SCOTTISH RITE



Regalia of the 27th degree


The foundation and first blossoming of the Croatian Freemasonry appeared during the Drašković's Observance, the original and independent system that appeared in the second part of the eighteenth century. Certain members of different lodges were already holding higher degrees. Thus Count Ivan Drašković (1740-1787), Grand Master of the first Grand Lodge of Croatia, had the sixth degree of a Strict Observance (Templar), and perhaps even the seventh degree (Eques Professum). In 1782 the member of the Viennese Lodge "Zur wahren Eintracht", Count Josip Brigido, the Governor of Galicia, had the highest Scottish degree. His Brother, Ivan Michael Brigido, Esq. (1742-1816), Archbishop of Ljubljana, was a member of the Lodge "Magnanimitatis" in Budim, in 1783, where Maksimilijan Vrhovac (1752-1827), the Bishop of Zagreb, worked under the secret name Eques Cruce Archiepiscopali: they were both holding the highest Scottish degrees. Count Stjepan Niczky (1747-1777) most probably had the degree of a Scottish Master and possibly the degree Templar. Brethren Erdödy, Count Laszlo (1746-1786) and Count Lajos (1749-1794), members of the Lodge in Varaždin, "Union parfaite" (1772) obtained the second Scottish degree: they were Scotts and Elu of Nine.

In the Balkans, during the period between the two World Wars, beside the blue lodges there were other lodges working in the higher degrees of the Scottish Rite. The Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Freemason's Scottish Rite was founded and consecrated in Belgrade on 10 May 1912. The light was brought from Greece. Out of ten members of the Supreme Council only two Freemasons were from Croatian blue lodges (Dimitrije Mijalković from the Osijek Lodge "Budnost" and Petar Šreplović from the Zagreb Lodge "Hrvatska vila", who later affiliated into the Belgrade Lodge "Pobratim"). In the following years, a few Croatian Freemasons obtained high degrees in Scottish Rite, as follows: diplomat Dr. Hinko Hinković, writer Ante Tresić-Pavičić, Adolfo Mihalić Esq., Aleksandar Šmit, Dr. Franjo Hanaman and Dr. Vladimir Katičić, Esq. The latter one founded the Workshop of the fourth degree "Pravednost" in Zagreb in which forty Brethren worked. The Brethren of this workshop published the book of Masonic works "Rad na surovom kamenu". Among them there were fathers and relatives of some of todays active Croatian and Slovene Freemasons.

Some of today's Croatian Freemasons were initiated into the Scottish Rite in foreign countries during the nineteen eighties.

After the fall of the Warsaw Pact, the return of democratic political systems into the countries of the Central Europe, the first Freemasons from Croatia and Slovenia obtained higher degrees in Scottish Rite in Prague (1991). The Slovenian Freemasons founded the Supreme Council of A:.A:.S:.R:. for Slovenia on 25 March 2000. Immediately afterwards they started founding the Ateliers for Croatian Brethren under the leadership of the Most Powerful Sovereign Grand Commander of A:.A:.S:.R:. for Slovenia Bro. V.V. More than twenty Croatian Brethren worked in those Ateliers.

For the first time in the history of Croatian Freemasonry, Croatia obtained its independent and Sovereign Supreme Council of A:.A :.S:.R:. for Croatia in the Valley of Zagreb on 22 March 2003.